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FINLAND - POSTAL HISTORY
COVER COLLECTION - COVER #
38

1872 40p XF HELSINGFORS TO KRINSTINESTAD WITH CERT
ROU III LOVELY ENGRAVED AUGUSTUS LUDWIG HARTWALL COVER



HELSINGFORS TO KRINSTINESTAD

       

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1866 SECOND SERPENTINE ROULETTE ISSUE - 40 PENNI CARMINE
#9c3     [4,000 SEK = $600 USD]
TYPE III
BLUE SMALL CIRCLE CDS - HELSINGFORS 29 AUGUST 1872
BLACK BOXED "ANK" RECEIVING MARK
POSTMASTER INDEX MARK "12" - "Fr[an]ko"
NICE ENGRAVED FLAP OF AUGUSTUS LUDWIG HARTWALL, RENOWNED HELSINKI BOTTLER OF MINERAL WATERS - LOTTING/OWNERS/ MARKS
DELIGHTFUL COVER IN EXTRA FINE CONDITION ON IVORY PERSONAL STATIONARY
NONE
1988 GUMMESSON EXPERT CERTIFICATE, NOTING A TOOTH MISSING ON THE LEFT SIDE (EIN ZAHN FEHLT IN DIE LINKE ZEITE). THIS APPEARS TO US TO BE RIBBED PAPER BUT GUMMESSON MAKES NO NOTE OF IT AND IT IS NOT SOLD AS SUCH



Victor Hartwall

Hartwall started with mineral waters in 1836 when Victor Hartwall's production plant received a permit for producing warm and cold mineral waters in Helsinki. Before that, all the mineral waters were imported from Sweden. In Sweden Victor Hartwall studied under the teaching of the renound Swedish chemist Jöns Jacob Berzelius. Hartwall assisted in building a spa to the shores of the black sea by the invitation of the prince of Odessa, under the recommendation of Berzelius.

After graduation he returned to Helsinki and established the first ever mineral water plant in Scandinavia. After the senate approved the license to produce mineral waters to Victor Hartwall and his teacher P.A. Bonsdorff, Hartwall participated in the building of “Kaivopuisto” and “Kaivohuone”. In 1838 the spa and health establishment Wesilä began operations in “Kaivohuone”. There the guests had the opportunity to enjoy health water produced by Hartwall in the form of bottles and glasses.

Victor Hartwall's son August Ludwig Hartwall continued his father's work and brought the water to kiosks and cafeterias. These kiosks were build in 1865 in the popular areas of Helsinki: Esplanadi, Kauppatori and Kaivopuist. This increased the amount of customers drinking the water. A walk through park was considered popular part of modern urban lifestyle, and people gathered at the kiosks to meet their friends and drink the mineral water. At the same time the soft drinks were born, as people started mixing the mineral water with juice that contained sugar.

In the 1880's, when restaurant culture flourished, mineral water became more of a social drink. People began to mix the mineral water with wine and other alcohol. Doctors no longer recommend the water as a health drink when people started mixing alcohol with it, but it attained the value of healthy drink again during war time, and during abstinence periods.

Victor Hartwall belonged to the versatile group of entrepreneurs and scientists in the beginning of the Grand Duchy era of Finland and still is a prominent figure in the Finnish economical history. Over the years Hartwall's operations grew from hand craft to industry, and expanded into beverages already by the end of the 19th century. The mineral water plant established by Victor Hartwall has grown into the most significant, and diversified beer and soft drink company in Finland. In 1990's the company expanded into Russia and the Balkans. Now it belongs to the Scottish and Newcastle group, which is one of the largest brewery companies in Europe.

 

 


AUGUSTUS LUDWIG HARTWALL

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