Postal History  -  Philatelic Covers  -  Stampless Mail
Sheet Folded Letters  -  Historic & Belle Lettres
Life Member American Philatelic Society & Member of BNAPS, CCNY, ICSC, DMSC, SPHS
See our main webpage at
www.berryhillsturgeon.com

BACK TO EMPIRE POST HOME PAGE

MAIN INDEX PAGE

CALL US @ 573 - 382 - 1776

SEND US A MESSAGE


ITEM: DKC-1808
BACK TO DENMARK INDEX

 

 

DENMARK-HAMBURG - POSTAL HISTORY
THE FRENCH POST OFFICE IN HAMBURG 1806-1814

1808 - NAPOLEONIC HAMBURG POST
COPENHAGEN TO BORDEAUX 18 MAY 1808
HUGHMARK-HALPERN TYPE D-24
ONLY IN USE FOR SEVEN MONTHS JANUARY TO SEPTEMBER 1808







ARGE # 40: 350 ≈$475  --  HUGHMARK&HALPERN TYPE D-24 ≈ $600


Manuscript Fr[anco] Hamb[urg]
Paid from Copenhagen to Hamburg


Black Wax Seal


French inland domestic
charge of 15 Centimes


Mark on reverse possibly rate from Hamburg to French Border

NOTES:   On March 15th 1806 Napoleon created the Grand Duchy of Berg for his brother-in-law Joachim Murat (who on July 8, 1808 was "promoted" to King of Naples and ceded the Grand Duchy back to Napoleon). This new Grand Duchy was made from the older Duchy of Berg which Napoleon took from Bavaria and Cleves. He was interested in instituting a Continental Blockade of Great Britain and thus wished to control all the ports and communications to the Mainland Continent. He desired to combine the old Hanseatic cities of Bremen, Lbeck and Hamburg into the new Grand Duchy and thus control the flow of English communication and information and markets. On July 17, 1806 Napoleon "acquired" the Thurn & Taxis postal privileges of these cities for the Grand Duchy of Berg. However, a GDB post office was not actually established until the October of 1806 when the French occupied Hamburg. And thus began the 1806-1814 French Post Office in Hamburg era.
      The handstamps of this post office are interesting as there were so many and they changed frequently (most lasting only months), making a collection of them extremely challenging. The early forms of handstamps usually have the letters BGD (Bureau Grand Ducal) and R 4 - which stands for Rayon #4 which was Hamburg's Thurn and Taxis' Rayon (postal district) Number. In January 1808 following complaints that the State had had no right to surrender what were essentially private postal courier service rights and privileges to Napoleon, a financial recompense was offered and Napoleon succeeded in gaining control of the postal routes under a 25 year license and the BDG was gradually dropped from the handstamps. This particular type Hughmark & Halpern Type D-24 was only in use from January to September 1808 and this letter is marked 18 May 1808, and shows the dropping of the BDG initials. In August of 1808 (following Murat going to Naples) Napoleon assumed the Title of Grand Duke of Berg and the new postal service was known as the Kaiserlich K
niglich Franzsisches Ober-Postamt. Contains business correspondence from P.F. Becker in Copenhagen to Schroder & Schyler in Bordeaux, France.
     [much of the above is from Hughmark & Halpern's excellent reference, Stampless Mail to and from Scandinavia to 1868, 1999]


Docketing Notation

 

Offered by EmpirePost.com
a Division of Berryhill & Sturgeon, Ltd.
Member: APS, BNAPS, CCNY, ICSC, DMSC, SPHS

Official PayPal Seal   Item is accompanied by a full color picture receipt for your insurance and inventory records. Item will be archivally packaged & shipped to your address. Please note that although we take great care in scanning our item images, monitor displayed colors may vary from original. Damage on delivery must be promptly reported. There is a 14 day "no questions asked" return policy, but item must be returned in the same condition as sent and the return shipment cost and liability is the responsibility of the buyer. While domestic shipping is free, certain international shipments may require buyer to be accountable for additional postage, duties, customs fees, excise taxes or VAT's. Washington State residents will be charged the 6.5% sales tax.